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Authors: E. Mohammadi, Raziman T. V., A. Curto
Title: Nanophotonic chirality transfer to dielectric Mie resonators
Format: International Journal
Publication date: 5/2023
Journal/Conference/Book: Nano Letters
Editor/Publisher: American Chemical Society, 
Volume(Issue): 23(9) p.3978
DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.3c00739
Citations: 7 ( - last update: 21/7/2024)
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Nanophotonics can boost the weak circular dichroism of chiral molecules. One mechanism for enhanced chiral sensing relies on using a resonator to create fields with high optical chirality at the molecular position. Here, we elucidate how the reverse interaction between molecules and the resonator, called chirality transfer, can produce stronger circular dichroism. The chiral analyte modifies the electric and magnetic dipole moments of the resonator, imprinting a chiral response on an otherwise achiral resonance. We demonstrate that silicon nanoparticles and metasurfaces tailored for chirality transfer generate chiroptical signals orders of magnitude higher than the contribution from optical chirality alone. We derive closed-form equations for the dependence of chirality transfer on molecular chirality, molecule-resonator distance, and Mie coefficients. We propose a dielectric metasurface for a 900-fold circular dichroism enhancement on the basis of these principles. Finally, we identify a fundamental limit to chirality transfer. Our findings thus establish key concepts for nanophotonic chiral sensing.

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