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Authors: M. Galarza, K. De Mesel, D. Fuentes, R. Baets, M. Lopez-Amo
Title: Modeling of InGaAsP-InP 1.55 um lasers with integrated mode expanders using fiber-matched leaky waveguides
Format: International Journal
Publication date: 10/2001
Journal/Conference/Book: Applied Physics B
Volume(Issue): (73) p.585-588
Internal Reference: [N-139]

Abstract

A new concept for InGaAsP-InP 1.55 mum lasers integrated with spot size converters using leaky waveguides is presented. The large fundamental mode size and the high discrimination of the higher order modes make ARROWs (Antiresonant Reflecting Optical Waveguides) and antiguided waveguides useful for fiber coupling functions. Three-dimensional (3-D) beam propagation method (BPM) results show that the devices have transformation losses lower than 0.22 dB. Fiber-coupling efficiencies of 60% are possible with standard cleaved single-mode fibers (SMF). The horizontal and vertical FWHM can be efficiently reduced to 9.70 degrees (horizontal) and 17.80 degrees (vertical). The fabrication of such devices avoids the growth of thick layers of quaternary material with a low Ga and As fraction, and simplifies the fabrication to one planar epitaxial growth step and one non-critical conventional etch.


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